Gum Disease Prevention | Martin Dentistry
Gum disease is usually caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth. If plaque is not removed with thorough daily brushing and cleaning between teeth, gums become irritated and inflamed. The irritated gum tissue can separate from the teeth and form spaces called pockets. Bacteria move into the pockets where they continue to promote irritation. Left untreated, the process can continue until the bone and other tooth supporting tissues are destroyed.
The early stages of periodontal disease is called Gingivitis. It often results in gums that are red and swollen and may bleed easily. Even if you brush and floss regularly, you may not remove all the plaque, especially around the gumline. Plaque can harden into a rough, porous deposit called calculus or tarter. Once hardened, it can be removed only in the dental office during your regular cleaning.
The warning signs of gum disease include; gums that bleed during brushing, red, swollen, or tender gums, gums that have pulled away from the teeth, persistent bad breath, puss between the teeth and gums, loose or separating teeth, a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite, and a change in the fit of partial dentures.