About Tooth Extractions
While our dentists, Drs. Matthew Martin, Stephanie Martin, and Lynn Marshall, make every effort to conserve and preserve your natural teeth, there are cases where a tooth or teeth may need to be extracted. A simple extraction removes a tooth that is visible above the gumline. This is normally used for a tooth that is damaged or decayed beyond repair. A surgical extraction removes a tooth that has not erupted above the gumline. Surgical extractions are most commonly done to remove the wisdom teeth and impacted teeth that do not have enough room to fit into your smile. No matter the reason for having a tooth extraction at Martin Dentistry, our team will treat you with the best care. Our Fishers, IN office offers different sedation techniques like nitrous oxide and oral-conscious sedation, and that means you can remain comfortable and calm during your procedure. Contact our team to learn more or to schedule an assessment to boost your oral health.
"A good place with caring folks. They made sure to make me and my son feel comfy when he had to have several teeth extracted. Finally got my husband in for a teeth cleaning so now we are all set. "- K.E. / Google / Jul 14, 2016
"My former dentist retired, and I had a great deal of difficulty finding another one that I liked. A friend recommended Martin Dentistry. I have been there several times now and would highly recommend to anyone. Yesterday I had an emergency and they worked me in and took care of the issue right away. Dr. Matt Martin was professional and explained everything in detail. The staff is wonderful, experienced and positive. All the dentists that have seen me have been concerned and knowledgeable. After bad experiences with other dentists am very grateful to have found them."- M.F. / Google / Jul 31, 2018
What to Expect
Depending on whether the dentist performs a simple or surgical tooth extraction, the technique will differ. In either case, there will be a thorough examination prior to extraction when x-rays will be taken to determine the type of extraction needed. In addition, the patient is usually offered a form of sedation to help them feel comfortable and at ease during the procedure. It’s advised that the patient not eat or drink anything for 6 – 8 hours before the surgery. If a patient experiences nausea or vomiting before the extraction, they will need to call the dentist’s office to possibly reschedule to avoid health complications. Smoking on the day of surgery is prohibited because of the risks and complications it can pose in the healing process.
With a simple extraction, the dentist will give the patient a local anesthetic to alleviate any pain. The dentist will use a pair of forceps to grip the impacted tooth and loosen it from the jawbones and the ligaments which hold it in place. The socket that holds the tooth must be widened and enlarged to separate the tooth from the ligaments. A device called a dental elevator, a screwdriver-like tool, is placed between the tooth and gum to make it easier to remove the tooth by expanding the socket.
Wisdom teeth or any teeth not visible above the gumline, such as severely broken teeth or teeth with long, curved roots require a more complex surgical extraction. General anesthesia is often used on the patient prior to the procedure. To obtain access to the impacted tooth, the dentist may need to cut through bone, gums, and tissue. Sometimes, the dentist will need to cut the tooth in pieces in order to fully remove it.
After either type of extraction, a blood clot will usually form in the socket of the removed tooth. After a simple extraction, the dentist will pack the area with gauze and have the patient bite down in order to stop bleeding. With surgical extraction, the dentist will stitch the area and then place the gauze pads. After extraction, the patient should refrain from unnecessary eating, drinking, or talking for at least two hours. After the bleeding has stopped, the patient should drink plenty of cold or lukewarm fluids.
On the first day after the extraction, only soft foods should be eaten and the patient shouldn’t brush or rinse their teeth for 12 hours following the extraction. When brushing is resumed, the extraction area should be avoided with the toothbrush, but the area can be gently rinsed with salt water. The patient also shouldn’t spit forcefully, which may dislodge the blood clot. The healing process usually starts about 1 – 2 weeks following the tooth extraction. This is the time when new gum tissue and bone will fill in the gap where the tooth or teeth have been removed. After about 3 – 4 weeks, the gums should be fully healed. Complete healing of the entire mouth can take up to six months, but it varies from person to person.
Plan Your Procedure
Want to Know More?
If you have a tooth that is damaged or if your mouth doesn't have room for a new tooth, a dental extraction at Martin Dentistry can help in improving your oral health and smile. Schedule an appointment with us in Fishers, IN to learn more about simple and surgical tooth extractions. If you have dental anxieties or fears, ask about sedation methods to help keep you calm and relaxed during your procedure.